Stone carving is an activity where pieces of rough natural stone are shaped and molded into works of art that are beautiful, and long lasting. Because of the permanence of the material, artwork that was created in ancient times still exists today! And works of stone art continue to be created to this very day.
The process begins by choosing the stone to carve. Then when the artist knows what they want to sculpt, they 'rough out' the shape by knocking off big parts of the stone that they don't need. After the stone is roughed out, the artist refines the sculpture, and carves the details. The final stage of the process is polishing. The sculpture is sanded down, which brings out the color of the stone, reveals patterns in the surface, and adds a sheen.
- The Spring Temple Buddha is the largest statue in the world. It is 502 feet tall! You can find it in Henan, China.
- Mount Rushmore is one of the most famous sculptures in the United States. It is carved directly into a mountain in the Black Hills region of South Dakota.
- The oldest sculpture ever found is called The Venus of Berekhat Ram. It was discovered in Israel, and was made somewhere between 233,000 and 800,000 years ago! Can you believe that something that old has survived this long?
- Stone carvers use chisels and hammers to rough out their shapes, rasps and rifflers to do detailing work, and sandpaper or sandcloth to do the final polishing.
- Two of ninja turtles are named after two of the most famous sculptors of all time: Donatello, and Michelangelo.